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Waec Economics Syllabus/Questions 2019/2020

This is the official 2019 Waec Economics syllabus, This syllabus is designed to assess candidates’ knowledge of basic economic principles needed for rational decision making relating to individuals, businesses, government and society.

See 2019 WAEC SPECIMEN/PRACTICALS

Such knowledge is necessary in enhancing their appreciation of government economic policies, problems of implementation and how they impact on the economy. This will help candidates to understand that economics is not only an academic field of study but also a practical subject.

Waec Economics Syllabus

Waec Economics Syllabus

See Waec Physics Syllabus

WAEC ECONOMICS SYLLABUS OBJECTIVES

The syllabus will test candidates’

  1. knowledge of the basic economic principles, concepts, and the tools for economic analysis;

 

  1. understanding of the structure and functioning of economic institutions – commercial, agricultural, industrial and financial institutions;

 

  1. understanding of the basis for rational economic decisions;

 

  1. ability to explain the basis and structure of the West African economy, including the roles of agriculture, industry and mining and their contributions to the national income;

 

  1. ability to follow the role and status of the West African countries in international economic relationships;

 

  1. ability to appreciate the problems West African countries encounter in their economic development.

  

WAEC ECONOMICS SYLLABUS EXAMINATION SCHEME

There will be two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2; both of which will be in a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1:           will consist of fifty multiple choice questions to be taken in 1 hour for 50 marks.

Paper 2:          will consist of eight essay- type questions in two sections: Sections A and B. Section A will consist of two data response questions. Candidates will be required to answer four   questions in all, choosing one question from Section A and any three questions from Section B. The paper shall last 2 hours for 80 marks.                                                                                                                                                         

WAEC ECONOMICS SYLLABUS DETAILED

 

  1. DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF ECONOMICS

Scarcity and Choice, Scale of Preference, Opportunity Cost, Production Possibility Curve. Economic activities – Production, Distribution and Consumption. Classification of economic activities – Primary, Secondary and Tertiary and their relative contributions in terms of output/income, employment, savings, investment and foreign exchange.

 

  1. FACTORS OF PRODUCTION

Land, labour, capital and entrepreneurship- meaning, characteristics and importance.

 

  1. TYPES AND BASIC FEATURES OF ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

 

 

 

 

  1. BASIC TOOLS OF ECONOMIC ANALYSIS

Tables, graphs and charts. Some basic statistical measures and representations – arithmetic mean, median, mode and their simple applications.

 

  1. DEMAND

Concept of demand and law of demand, the demand schedules and curve, reasons for exceptional demand curves, types of demand (derived, composite, joint and  competitive); factors determining demand for goods and services – price of the commodity,   prices of other commodities, income, tastes, price expectation, etc. Distinction between a shift of and movement along a demand curve; concept of elasticity of demand. Types of elasticity of demand and their measurement – price, income and cross elasticities of demand: importance of the concept of elasticity of demand to consumers, producers and government.

 

  1. SUPPLY

 

Concept of supply and law of supply, supply schedules and curve, types of Supply – composite, complementary and competitive. Factors determining supply – input prices, technology, prices of other commodities, climatic factors, etc. Distinction between the shift of and movement along the supply curve. Concept and measurement of elasticity of supply and its importance to producers and government 

  1. THEORY OF CONSUMER BEHAVIOUR

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  Abia State Gov. Gifts Best WASCE Students N1m Each

 

The utility concepts- total utility, average utility, marginal utility and the calculation of utility schedules. The law of diminishing marginal utility, relationship between total utility, average utility and marginal utility. The concept of equilibrium of a consumer. Determination of consumer equilibrium. The effects of   changes in price on consumer   equilibrium. The relationship between marginal utility and the demand curve.

  1. THEORY OF PRICE DETERMINATION

The Concept of the market; interaction between demand and supply. Price determination under free and regulated markets. Equilibrium price and quantity in product and factor markets. The effects of changes in supply and demand on equilibrium prices and quantities. Introduction to algebraic determination of equilibrium price and quantity. Price controls: maximum and minimum price regulations- meaning and their effects; rationing, black market (parallel market)

  1. THEORY OF PRODUCTION

 

Production: division of labour and specialization: Scale of production (Internal and External economies), concept of total, average and marginal productivity and law of variable proportions.

  1. THEORY OF COST AND REVENUE

 

(i)       Cost concepts: total cost, average cost, marginal cost, variable cost, fixed cost;

short run and long run costs.

 

(ii)      Distinction between economist’s and accountant’s view of cost

(opportunity cost and money cost).

 

(iii)    Revenue concepts: total, average and marginal revenue; Marginal revenue

Product

.

  1. MARKET STRUCTURES

 

Concept of a market, characteristics of various market structures, determination of

price and output under different structures – perfect competition and  imperfect

competition (monopoly and monopolistic competition). Review of cost and revenue

concepts. Price discrimination.

 

  1. BUSINESS ORGANIZATIONS

 

Types and basic features of business enterprises – Sole Proprietorship; Partnership,

Joint- Stock companies (Private and Public), Co-operatives; Statutory Corporation,

Joint ventures. Sources of funds. General and basic problems of business

enterprises. Privatization and Commercialization as solutions to problems of

public enterprises. Indigenization and nationalization policies.

 

  1. DISTRIBUTIVE TRADE

 

Process of distribution, role of producers, role of wholesalers, retailers and

co-operatives: the role of government agencies in product distribution and the

problems of distribution and their solutions.

 

  1.  POPULATION AND LABOUR MARKET

 

(a)    Population – determination and implication of size and growth of      population, Rural – urban migration, Malthusian theory of population             Geographical, age, sex and occupational distribution. Importance and problems of census. Population and economic development (under – population, optimum population and over- population).

 

(b)   Labour Market

 

 

(ii)      supply of and demand for labour: wage determination. Concept of

unemployment and underemployment, Trade Unions, Employers’

association and Government policies on labour and wages.

 

  1. AGRICULTURE

 

Structure (e.g. food crops, export crops, livestock, fisheries): systems of

agriculture

(peasant, commercial, co-operative and state farming); importance of agriculture

to the national economy: marketing of agricultural products (commodity boards).

Agricultural policies (minimum agricultural prices) problems of agriculture and

remedies.

 

  1. INDUSTRIALIZATION

 

Meaning and types of industry. Definition of industrial concepts: plant, firm,

industry and industrial estates. Location of industry, localization, role of

industrialization in economic development. Strategies of industrialization.

Problems of industrialization.The link between agricultural and industrial

development.

 

 

  1. NATIONAL INCOME

 

Meaning of major national income concepts e.g. Gross Domestic Product, Gross

Also Read:

  WHAT IS WAEC eREGISTRATION 2019/2020

National Product. Net National Product, etc. Different ways of measuring

national  income and their problems. Uses and limitations of national income

data; trends and structure of national income.

 

  1. MONEY AND INFLATION

 

characteristics functions. Supply of and demand for money, value of money

and the price level.

(b)   Inflation: meaning types, causes, effects and control.

 

  1. FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS    

 

Types (traditional, Central Bank, Commercial Bank, Development Bank,

Merchant Bank, and Insurance Companies, Building Societies) : development

and functions of financial institutions. Money and capital markets; meaning,

types and functions

 

  1. PUBLIC FINANCE

 

Fiscal policy and objectives of public finance: Sources of government revenue.

Taxation -types(direct and indirect),objectives, merits, demerits and incidence;

Principles/canons of taxation; Rates of taxation(proportional, progressive and

regressive) direct and indirect taxation: incidence and effects of taxes, composition/

structure of public expenditure (recurrent and capital expenditure): effects of

public expenditure. Government budget and the national debt.

 

  1.   ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING

 

Meaning of economic development, distinction between economic growth and

development, characteristics and problems of developing countries, elements of

development planning (objectives of planning, and problems of planning). Types

of plans (short term, medium term, perspective or long term, rolling plan etc.).

 Waec Economics Syllabus

  1.     INTERNATIONAL TRADE AND BALANCE OF PAYMENTS

 

(a)     International Trade: differences between domestic and international trade, the

basis of international trade, absolute and comparative cost advantage, terms of

trade (definition and measurement) commercial policy (objectives) and

instruments – tariffs (types) and direct control. Trend and structure of West

African countries’ external trade.

Waec Economics Syllabus

Waec Economics Syllabus

  1. ECONOMIC INTEGRATION

 

Economic Integration (objectives, levels of and features). Development and

problems of economic integration in West Africa- ECOWAS

Waec Economics Syllabus

  1. INTERNATIONAL ECONOMIC ORGANIZATIONS

 

Development and role of:

–          Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

–          Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)

–          International Monetary Fund (IMF)

–           International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

–          African Development Bank (AfDB)

–          United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

etc. relevance of such organizations to West African Countries.

 

 

  1. MAJOR NATURAL RESOURCES

 

Development of major natural resources (petroleum, gold, diamond, timber, groundnut etc) effects on West African economies (positive and negative).

That is all on WAEC ECONOMICS Syllabus Questions 2019/2020.

Feel free to ask Questions concerning the Waec Economics Syllabus Using the comments Section Below.

 

 

 

 

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Posted by on September 18, 2018.

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Categories: WAEC Wassce 2019 Syllabus Questions & Answers

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