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Nabteb 2022 May / June Islamic Studies (Objective & Essay) Questions and Answers















1.(a) بِسْمِ ٱللَّهِ ٱلرَّحْمَٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيم


إِذَا جَاءَ نَصْرُاللهِ وَالْفَتْحُ ﴿1﴾


وَرَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ يَدْخُلُونَ فِی دِينِ اللهِ أَفْوَاجًا ﴿2﴾


فَسَبِّحْ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّكَ وَاسْتَغْفِرْهۚ إِنَّهُۥ كَانَ تَوَّابًا﴿3﴾





1.(b) [PICK ANY TWO]


(i) Indication of successful spread of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula during the lifetime of the Prophet.


(ii) Indication of near-approaching death of the Prophet


(iii) Etiquettes to be observed after gaining victory in a mission after going through lots of trials and struggles.


(iv) Importance of remembering Allah under all circumstances.





1.(c) In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.


(1) When the victory of Allah has come and the conquest,


(2) And you see the people entering into the religion of Allah in multitudes,


(3) Then exalt [Him] with praise of your Lord and ask forgiveness of Him. Indeed, He is ever Accepting of repentance.









*Makkah Surah*


(i) The Makkah surah were the sayings that were told by Allah to Prophet Mohammad when he was in Mekkah.


(ii) The verses are short.


(iii) They are in the last chapters of the Quran.


(iv) They cover about two-thirds of the whole Surahs.


(v) They are reminiscent of the soothsayers.





*Madinah Surah*


(i) The Madinah surah were the sayings told to prophet Mohammad by Allah when he was in the Madinah.


(ii) The suras are prolonged ones.


(iii) They are in the earlier chapters of the Quran.


(iv) They cover about one-third of the whole suras.


(v) They are about earlier history and laws.







(i) *Answers our purpose in life:* The holy Quran was sent as divine inspiration for all Muslims from Allah SWT. It helps in mending any broken relationships between all believers and Allah SWT, through acts of obedience, worship & remembrance. The purpose of all believers should be to glorify Allah SWT.





(ii) *It teaches us Spiritual, Moral & Social values:* The holy Quran offers you divine social, spiritual and moral values. This reflects the perfection of Allah SWT. It also shows his endless love for the believers. You must follow the divine teaching of the Quran with admiration and humility.





(iii) *The impact it has on our day-to-day lives:* The teachings of the Quran strictly forbid any forms of misbehavior, selfishness, consumption of drugs or alcohol, gambling, adultery, backbiting, anger & arrogance.





(iv) *All its teaching is solely based on reasoning:* The reasonable teachings within the Quran are strong and it is capable of withstanding either any scientific or logical inspection. You will find various proofs that points out how divine the Quran truly is.





(v) *We can understand that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is the ideal role model:* The Quran represents Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) as the ideal role model for all Muslims. He is the personification of righteousness and his character shows goodness. We should all aspire to characteristics similar to him and learn from his teachings & humility.







3.(a) Six collections of Hadith were identified to be very authoritative and reliable. They are:-


1. The Sahih of Al- Bukhari (194-254A.H)


2. The Sahih of Muslim (202-261A.H)


3. Sunnan of Abu Dawud (202-275A.H)


4. Jami’ of Tirmidhi (d.279A.H)


5. Sunnan of Ibn Majah (209-273A.H)


6. Sunnan of An-Nasai (214-303A.H)





3.(b) *Differentiate between the Quran and Hadith.*


(i) Quran is the word of Allah revealed to the Prophet in its precise wording and meaning while Hadith are the sayings of the Prophet (P.b.u.h..) through inspiration from Allah.


(ii) Quran is the first source of Islamic Shariah while Hadith is the second source of Islamic Shariah.


(iii) Recitation of Quran is an integral part of prayer while Hadith is not recited in Swalah.


(iv) Quran ¡s authentic and inimitable while hadith has been classified according to their degree of authenticity i.e. Sahih, dhaif, Hassan,Maudhu (fabricated).


(v) Recitation of Quran earns a Muslim reward while acquisition of knowledge of Hadith and not recitation is rewardable.


(vi) Twahara is a primary condition for reciting the Quran while it is not a requisite in reading Hadith.



Sacred Hadith) is a sub-category of hadith which are sayings of prophet Muhammad (SAWW). Muslims regard the Hadith Qudsi as the words of God, repeated by prophet Muhammad (SAW) and recorded on the condition of a sanad (document). *OR*

Hadith Qudsi is what was said by the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), but it’s meaning was from Allah, or what God sent to him by inspiration or a dream, so Prophet Mohammad said it in his own words but with the same meaning.


4.(b) Muhammad ibn Ismail al-Bukhari al-Jufi was born after the Jumu’ah prayer on Friday, 21 July 810 (13 Shawwal 194 AH) in the city of Bukhara in Transoxiana (in present-day Uzbekistan).


During his infancy, Imam al-Bukhari (RH) had weak eyesight that manifested into full-blown blindness. Desperate for her son, his mother made excessive, sincere, and constant dua for her son. This period extended for a lengthy two to three years. One night, Imam al-Bukhari’s mother received the glad tidings of Ibrahim (AS) in a dream, who said that Allah (SWT) had granted Imam al-Bukhari vision because of her dua. The eyesight was not even restored at a lesser degree, but at full strength. It is reported that Imam al-Bukhari (RH) would write books without a candle but only from the light of the moon.


He memorized the Holy Qur’an at the age of 9. Then began to learn Hadith from scholars of his region. At the age of 16, he traveled to Makkah and stayed there for 16 years collecting Hadiths. He visited Egypt and Syria twice, Basra four times, spent many years in Hijaz and went to Kufa and Baghdad many times. It is said that he learned about 600,000 Hadith from more than 1,000 scholars.


There is one remarkable incident that took place in Baghdad when Imam Bukhari (RH) visited the place. The people having heard of his many accomplishments, and the attributes which were issued to him, decided to test him so as to make him prove himself to them. In order to do that they chose one hundred different Hadiths and changing the testimonials and the text of the Hadiths. The Hadiths were recited by ten people to Imam Bukhari (RH). When the Hadiths were recited, Imam Bukhari (RH) replied to all in one manner, “Not to my knowledge.”


However, after the completion of all the Hadiths, he repeated each text and testimonial which had been changed followed by the correct text and testimonial.



5.(ai) (i) Profession of Faith (shahada)

(ii) Prayer (salat).

(iii) Alms (zakat).

(iv) Fasting (sawm).

(v) Pilgrimage (hajj).


5.(aii) [PICK ANY THREE]

(i) *Profession of Faith (shahada):* The belief that “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is the Messenger of God” is central to Islam.


(ii) *Prayer (salat):* Muslims pray facing Makkah five times a day: at dawn, noon, mid-afternoon, sunset, and after dark. Prayer includes a recitation of the opening chapter (sura) of the Qur’an.


(iii) *Alms (zakat):* In accordance with Islamic law, Muslims donate a fixed portion of their income to community members in need. Many rulers and wealthy Muslims build mosques, drinking fountains, hospitals, schools, and other institutions both as a religious duty and to secure the blessings associated with charity.


(iv) *Fasting (sawm):* During the daylight hours of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, all healthy adult Muslims are required to abstain from food and drink.


(v) *Pilgrimage (hajj):* Every Muslim whose health and finances permit it must make at least one visit to the holy city of Makkah, in present-day Saudi Arabia.


5.(bi) Angels are a part of the world of the “Unseen” which we cannot comprehend. Allah has told us about them in many places in the Quran and via His Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).

Angels are a form of spiritual beings created by Allah to perform various assigned duties. There are numerous angels. They are bound to obey the commands of Allah. Unlike human beings, they have not been given the choice to do either right or wrong.

In the Holy Qur’an, Angels are frequently referred to as malak and rasool which, in Arabic language, means power and messenger, respectively. These literal meanings indicate the nature of various duties of the Angels.

Angels do not possess any fixed material form. They cannot be seen with our physical eyes due to our limited faculties. But when they appear to human beings (e.g. in a spiritual vision), they appear in such forms which are imaginable by us.


5.(bii) [PICK ANY THREE]

(i) Jibril – The bringer of good news. He is mentioned in both the Qur’an and the Hadith.


(ii) Mika’il – The Angel Mika’il (known as Michael in Christianity) is a friend to humanity. He is known as the giver of rain, which waters the land and helps to provide food for people.


(iii) Izra’il – The Angel of Death, who takes the souls from bodies when people die.


(iv) Israfil – The angel who will be present on the day of resurrection. It is believed that the Angel Israfil will blow a trumpet to announce the Day of Judgement.


(v) Munkar and Nakir – The angels responsible for questioning the soul of a person who has died.







4.(a) Hadith Qudsi (or Sacred

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